What is tympanic perforation?

Tympanic perforation occurs when the eardrum or tympanic membrane is ruptured. This membrane is a thin piece of tissue between the middle ear and outer ear canal.


What causes tympanic perforation?

A perforated eardrum can be caused by:

  • Ear infection, where a build up of fluid causes the membrane to burst.
  • Extreme changes in pressure when flying or scuba diving.
  • Injury or trauma, caused by a blow to the head or probing with a cotton bud.
  • Previous grommets or ear surgery


How can it be treated?

Eardrum perforation can be treated with a surgical procedure known as myringoplasty or tympanoplasty. This procedure involves the use of tissue harvested from around the ear to repair the hole in the eardrum. It can often be performed using specialised cameras through the ear canal.