What is sinusitis?

Sinusitis or rhinosinusitis is an inflammation or infection of the sinuses and nasal passages. There are a number of types of sinusitis including acute, subacute and chronic sinusitis. Acute sinusitis can be triggered by a viral or bacterial infection; subacute or chronic sinusitis occurs as a result of allergies, problems in the structure of the nasal passages or various other environmental triggers.

How can it be treated?

Depending on the severity and type of infection, sinusitis may be treated with medication like antibiotics or nasal sprays. Sinus surgery may be recommended in certain situations where medication does not resolve the problem. Surgery involves opening up the natural drainage pathways of the sinuses that have been affected by infection or chronic disease. The surgery is minimally invasive and is performed using specialised cameras and equipment through the nose.

Chronic Rhinosinusitis

What are nasal polyps?

Nasal polyps are growths of the tissue lining of the nose. Their cause is largely unknown, but conditions such as chronicrhinitis, chronic sinus infections, asthma, aspirin hypersensitivity and increase the risk for nasal polyps.

What are the symptoms?

Nasal polyps can block the nasal passages and cause nasal congestion, obstruction, a runny nose, postnasal drip, a reduced sense of smell, facial pain, sleep apnoea and snoring.

How can they be treated?

There are a variety of medicines that can help to reduce inflammation and treat the symptoms of nasal polyps. In severe cases, surgery may be recommended to remove the polyps permanently. This is done with the use of a minimally invasive surgery whereby the surgeon accesses the polyps through the nasal cavities using specialised cameras and equipment.