Throat Conditions

What are vocal cord nodules and polyps?

Vocal cord nodules and polyps are small growths that form on the vocal cords. They are caused by trauma to the vocal cords, usually as a result of voice abuse (shouting, screaming or singing). They typically cause hoarseness or change in voice.

How can they be treated?

It is possible to treat vocal cord nodules and polyps with speech therapy, particularly if they are detected and diagnosed early. Your ear, nose and throat specialist may perform a laryngoscopy as well as a videostroboscopy as part of the diagnosis and treatment planning process. Surgery is an option in severe cases and cases that don’t improve after speech therapy.

Reinke's Oedema

What is Reinke’s oedema?

Reinke's space is one of the layers of the vocal cord. Reinke's oedema is a condition that causes the vocal cords to swell as a result of fluid collecting in this space. This is a benign condition and is most commonly caused by smoking.

What are the symptoms?

Reinke’s oedema commonly presents with hoarseness or change in voice quality and can cause shortness of breath or difficulty with breathing in severe cases.

How can it be treated?

It is possible to treat this condition surgically by removing the fluid and swollen tissue from the vocal cords. It is essential to stop smoking, or this condition will recur.